Zusätzliche Special Folders

Die Windows Installer Technologie bietet bereits von Haus aus diverse Directory Properties um auf  “Special Folders” Werte zugreifen zu können.

Leider gibt es jedoch immer wieder der Fall, dass man auf zusätzliche, nicht durch den Windows Installer bereits zu Verfügung gestellte Werte zugreifen muss.

Mit folgendem VBScript kann man sich diese Werte allerdings schaffen. In unserem folgenden Beispiel ermitteln wir den “Common Documents” Folder.

Folgendes Skript fügen wir als “CALL VBScript From Embedded Code”  Aktion im Immediate Bereich ein:

Const CSIDL_COMMON_DOCUMENTS = &h2e
Set objShell = CreateObject(“Shell.Application”)
Session.Property(“ONTX_COMMON_DOCUMENTS”) = objShell.Namespace(CSIDL_COMMON_DOCUMENTS).Self.Path
Set objShell = nothing

Zu beachten ist, das wir diese Aktion vor “CostFinalize” durchführen müssen.

Um den Wert auch für Komponenten verwenden zu können, sollte man noch einen Eintrag in der Directory Tabelle erfassen:

Danach kann man das Property/Directory  wie üblich verwenden.

Eine Liste aller Special Folders befindet sich im Anhang dieses Artikels.

Anhang: Liste aller Special Folders

CSLID Hex Value Description
CSIDL_ADMINTOOLS 0×0030 The file system directory that is used to store administrative tools for an individual user. The Microsoft Management Console (MMC) will save customized consoles to this directory, and it will roam with the user.
CSIDL_ALTSTARTUP 0x001d The file system directory that corresponds to the user’s nonlocalized Startup program group. This value is recognized in Windows Vista for backward compatibility, but the folder itself no longer exists.
CSIDL_APPDATA 0x001a The file system directory that serves as a common repository for application-specific data. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameApplication Data. This CSIDL is supported by the redistributable Shfolder.dll for systems that do not have the Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0 integrated Shell installed.
CSIDL_BITBUCKET 0x000a The virtual folder that contains the objects in the user’s Recycle Bin.
CSIDL_CDBURN_AREA 0x003b The file system directory that acts as a staging area for files waiting to be written to a CD. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameLocal SettingsApplication DataMicrosoftCD Burning.
CSIDL_COMMON_ADMINTOOLS 0x002f The file system directory that contains administrative tools for all users of the computer.
CSIDL_COMMON_ALTSTARTUP 0x001e The file system directory that corresponds to the nonlocalized Startup program group for all users. Valid only for Microsoft Windows NT systems. This value is recognized in Windows Vista for backward compatibility, but the folder itself no longer exists.
CSIDL_COMMON_APPDATA 0×0023 The file system directory that contains application data for all users. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersApplication Data. This folder is used for application data that is not user specific. For example, an application can store a spell-check dictionary, a database of clip art, or a log file in the CSIDL_COMMON_APPDATA folder. This information will not roam and is available to anyone using the computer.
CSIDL_COMMON_DESKTOPDIRECTORY 0×0019 The file system directory that contains files and folders that appear on the desktop for all users. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersDesktop. Valid only for Windows NT systems.
CSIDL_COMMON_DOCUMENTS 0x002e The file system directory that contains documents that are common to all users. A typical paths is C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersDocuments. Valid for Windows NT systems and Windows 95 and Windows 98 systems with Shfolder.dll installed.
CSIDL_COMMON_FAVORITES 0x001f The file system directory that serves as a common repository for favorite items common to all users. Valid only for Windows NT systems.
CSIDL_COMMON_MUSIC 0×0035 The file system directory that serves as a repository for music files common to all users. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersDocumentsMy Music.
CSIDL_COMMON_OEM_LINKS 0x003a This value is recognized in Windows Vista for backward compatibility, but the folder itself is no longer used.
CSIDL_COMMON_PICTURES 0×0036 The file system directory that serves as a repository for image files common to all users. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersDocumentsMy Pictures.
CSIDL_COMMON_PROGRAMS 0×0017 The file system directory that contains the directories for the common program groups that appear on the Start menu for all users. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersStart MenuPrograms. Valid only for Windows NT systems.
CSIDL_COMMON_STARTMENU 0×0016 The file system directory that contains the programs and folders that appear on the Start menu for all users. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersStart Menu. Valid only for Windows NT systems.
CSIDL_COMMON_STARTUP 0×0018 The file system directory that contains the programs that appear in the Startup folder for all users. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersStart MenuProgramsStartup. Valid only for Windows NT systems.
CSIDL_COMMON_TEMPLATES 0x002d The file system directory that contains the templates that are available to all users. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersTemplates. Valid only for Windows NT systems.
CSIDL_COMMON_VIDEO 0×0037 The file system directory that serves as a repository for video files common to all users. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersDocumentsMy Videos.
CSIDL_COMPUTERSNEARME 0x003d The folder that represents other computers in your workgroup.
CSIDL_CONNECTIONS 0×0031 The virtual folder that represents Network Connections, that contains network and dial-up connections.
CSIDL_CONTROLS 0×0003 The virtual folder that contains icons for the Control Panel applications.
CSIDL_COOKIES 0×0021 The file system directory that serves as a common repository for Internet cookies. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameCookies.
CSIDL_DESKTOP 0×0000 The virtual folder that represents the Windows desktop, the root of the namespace.
CSIDL_DESKTOPDIRECTORY 0×0010 The file system directory used to physically store file objects on the desktop (not to be confused with the desktop folder itself). A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameDesktop.
CSIDL_DRIVES 0×0011 The virtual folder that represents My Computer, containing everything on the local computer: storage devices, printers, and Control Panel. The folder can also contain mapped network drives.
CSIDL_FAVORITES 0×0006 The file system directory that serves as a common repository for the user’s favorite items. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameFavorites.
CSIDL_FONTS 0×0014 A virtual folder that contains fonts. A typical path is C:WindowsFonts.
CSIDL_HISTORY 0×0022 The file system directory that serves as a common repository for Internet history items.
CSIDL_INTERNET 0×0001 A virtual folder for Internet Explorer.
CSIDL_INTERNET_CACHE 0×0020 The file system directory that serves as a common repository for temporary Internet files. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameLocal SettingsTemporary Internet Files.
CSIDL_LOCAL_APPDATA 0x001c The file system directory that serves as a data repository for local (nonroaming) applications. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameLocal SettingsApplication Data.
CSIDL_MYDOCUMENTS Use CSIDL_PERSONAL The virtual folder that represents the My Documents desktop item. This value is equivalent to CSIDL_PERSONAL.
CSIDL_MYMUSIC 0x000d The file system directory that serves as a common repository for music files. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsUserMy DocumentsMy Music.
CSIDL_MYPICTURES 0×0027 The file system directory that serves as a common repository for image files. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameMy DocumentsMy Pictures.
CSIDL_MYVIDEO 0x000e The file system directory that serves as a common repository for video files. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameMy DocumentsMy Videos.
CSIDL_NETHOOD 0×0013 A file system directory that contains the link objects that may exist in the My Network Places virtual folder. It is not the same as CSIDL_NETWORK, which represents the network namespace root. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameNetHood.
CSIDL_NETWORK 0×0012 A virtual folder that represents Network Neighborhood, the root of the network namespace hierarchy.
CSIDL_PERSONAL 0×0005 The virtual folder that represents the My Documents desktop item. This is equivalent to CSIDL_MYDOCUMENTS.
CSIDL_PRINTERS 0×0004 The virtual folder that contains installed printers.
CSIDL_PRINTHOOD 0x001b The file system directory that contains the link objects that can exist in the Printers virtual folder. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernamePrintHood.
CSIDL_PROFILE 0×0028 The user’s profile folder. A typical path is C:Usersusername. Applications should not create files or folders at this level; they should put their data under the locations referred to by CSIDL_APPDATA or CSIDL_LOCAL_APPDATA. However, if you are creating a new Known Folder the profile root refered to by CSIDL_PROFILE is appropriate.
CSIDL_PROGRAM_FILES 0×0026 The Program Files folder. A typical path is C:Program Files.
CSIDL_PROGRAM_FILES_COMMON 0x002b A folder for components that are shared across applications. A typical path is C:Program FilesCommon. Valid only for Windows NT, Windows 2000, and Windows XP systems. Not valid for Windows Millennium Edition (Windows Me).
CSIDL_PROGRAM_FILES_COMMONX86 0x002c  
CSIDL_PROGRAM_FILESX86 0x002a  
CSIDL_PROGRAMS 0×0002 The file system directory that contains the user’s program groups (which are themselves file system directories). A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameStart MenuPrograms.
CSIDL_RECENT 0×0008 The file system directory that contains shortcuts to the user’s most recently used documents. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameMy Recent Documents. To create a shortcut in this folder, use SHAddToRecentDocs. In addition to creating the shortcut, this function updates the Shell’s list of recent documents and adds the shortcut to the My Recent Documents submenu of the Start menu.
CSIDL_RESOURCES 0×0038 Windows Vista. The file system directory that contains resource data. A typical path is C:WindowsResources.
CSIDL_RESOURCES_LOCALIZED 0×0039  
CSIDL_SENDTO 0×0009 The file system directory that contains Send To menu items. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameSendTo.
CSIDL_STARTMENU 0x000b The file system directory that contains Start menu items. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameStart Menu.
CSIDL_STARTUP 0×0007 The file system directory that corresponds to the user’s Startup program group. The system starts these programs whenever any user logs onto Windows NT or starts Windows 95. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameStart MenuProgramsStartup.
CSIDL_SYSTEM 0×0025 The Windows System folder. A typical path is C:WindowsSystem32.
CSIDL_SYSTEMX86 0×0029  
CSIDL_TEMPLATES 0×0015 The file system directory that serves as a common repository for document templates. A typical path is C:Documents and SettingsusernameTemplates.
CSIDL_WINDOWS 0×0024 The Windows directory or SYSROOT. This corresponds to the %windir% or %SYSTEMROOT% environment variables. A typical path is C:Windows.

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